Red Savina pepper is a cultivar of the habanero chili (Capsicum
chinense Jacquin), which has been selectively bred to produce hotter,
heavier, and larger peppers. It is also commonly known as the Dominican
Devil's Tongue Pepper or the Ball of Fire Pepper in Guyana.|
Frank Garcia of GNS Spices, in Walnut, California, is credited with being the developer of the Red Savina habanero. The exact method Garcia used to select the hottest strains is not publicly known.
Samples of Red Savina have been measured as high as 580,000 Scoville units, however many chilli enthusiasts growing the Red Savina have been unable to reach this level of heat, even with certified Red Savina seed. The Chili Pepper Institute at New Mexico State University in Las Cruces, New Mexico, conducted an extensive field trial to test the Red Savina. In this scientific growth trial the Red Savina was unable to reach 250,000 scoville units.
In February 2007 the Red Savina chili was displaced in the Guinness World Records as the hottest chili in the world by the Naga Jolokia pepper and more recently by the Trinidad Scorpion in 2011. The Red Savina held the record from 1994 until 2006.
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