The serrano (pronounced "suh rah noh") chili pepper (Capsicum annuum) is a type of chili pepper that originated in the mountainous regions of the Mexican states of Puebla and Hidalgo. Unripe serranos are green, but the colour at maturity varies between red, brown, orange, and yellow. Serranos are very meaty and therefore they do not dry very well. They are generally between 25 and 100 mm and around 10 mm wide.

Serrano chili peppers have thin walls and don't need to be steamed or peeled before using, making it the easiest chili pepper to use for salsas.

Serranos rate between 5,000 and 23,000 Shu's on the Scoville scale.

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Capsicum
Species: C. annuum
Subspecies: C. a. cultivar Serrano
Trinomial name
Capsicum annuum 'Serrano'

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