The Piquin pepper (or "Pequin") is a hot chili pepper similar to the bird's mouth and Thai prik kee noo, although not as hot measuring just 40,000 to 58,000 on the Scoville scale.

Piquin has a compact habit growing typically 0.3 - 0.6 meters tall, with bright green, ovate leaves and small fruits that rarely exceed 20 mm in length. Like most chilies, the piquin fruits start out green, ripening to brilliant red at maturity. The flavour is often described as citrusy, smoky, and nutty.

Other common names of the fruits from this plant are pinhead pepper, chili petin, chiltepin, and chili mosquito.

Common uses include pickling, salsas and sauces, soups, and vinegars. Some varieties of hot sauces list Piquin peppers  among their ingredients.

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Capsicum
Species: C. annuum
Subspecies: C. a. glabriusculum

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